You use subject pronouns to tell who is doing an action. The subject
pronouns replace people's name. Subject pronouns are not capitalized in Spanish, except at the beginning of a sentence.
Yo → I
You (singular - informal)*
Él → He
Usted → You (singular - formal)**
→ We (masculine)
Nosotras → We (feminine)
Vosotros → You (plural and masculine - informal)***
→ You (plural and feminine - informal)***
Ellos → They (masculine)
Ellas → They (feminine)
→ You (plural - formal)****
* Use TÚ when you are talking
to a friend, a family member, or to someone who is younger than you.
** Use USTED
when talking to an older person, a person who has a higher rank than you do, or when you want to be polite to a person you
do not know very well. USTED is commonly abbreviated Ud.
are used in much of Spain; however, it is not used in Latin America.
is used when talking to older people, people who have higher rank than you do, or when you want to be polite to people you
do not know very well.