What? How? Who? With whom? Which/What When? Why? (To) where? From where? How many?
Questions in Spanish
are preceded by an inverted question mark (¿) and followed by a question mark (?).
When asking questions using interrogative words you put the verb
before the subject:
¿DóndeestudiaMaría? Where does María study? ¿Quécomestú
en la cafetería? What do you eat in the cafeteria? ¿Con quiénhablaJosé?
With whom does José speak?
You can also ask questions
that has a yes or no answer:
1. Using sentence's format, you raise intonation
to indicate with your voice that you are asking a question: ¿Maríaestudia en la biblioteca? Does María study in
2. You can also ask a question by switching the position of the subject and verb: ¿EstudiaMaría en la biblioteca?
Does María study in the library?
In Spanish as in English,
sentences are written in the same pattern except for adjectives and nouns part. In Spanish the nouns come before the adjective.
Here is a simple pattern to write a sentence in Spanish (note the color code): Subject
+ Verb + Indefinite article + noun + adjective
María compra una falda blanca → María
buys a white skirt Carlos es un chico atlético
is an athletic boy Los estudiantes leen un libro interesante
→ The students
read an interesting book
a sentence negative you place the word no before the verb. María no
compra una falda blanca María does not buy a white skirt Carlos no
es un chico atlético Carlos is not an athletic boy Los estudiantes no
leen un libro interesante The students do not read an interesting book